Paeonia cambessedesii

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Official registration can be found at: The American Peony Society

Growing in calcareous soils with shrubs or grasses at altitudes from 20 to 1,400 m. Confined to the Balearic Islands; endemic to Spain. As far as we are aware, the species is growing at a few sites on Mallorca, on a small island, Cabrera, and on Menorca. In 2001, we visited the port of Pollença and found a population with only about 100 individuals near the tunnel. This species is surely one of the most endangered peonies.

Paeonia cambessedesii has three distinct characters: 1) glabrous throughout; 2) leaflets 9 or even fewer in number, never segmented; 3) a large number of carpels, which easily distinguish it from all of its allies. The species has the smallest number of leaflets in the genus, and the greatest number of carpels in section Paeonia. Another characteristic of this species is the mostly purple colour of the lower side of the leaf.
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