Paeonia emodi(1)

Perennials. Roots carrot-shaped, up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Caudex short, not elongated. Scales at the base of  stems 5—8 in number, purple—red. Stems up to 60 cm tall, green. Lower leaves biternate, with some or all of  9 leaflets segmented; leaflets/leaf segments 15—27 in number, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 7—14 cm long,  1.5—3.8 cm broad, glabrous or with sparse bristles along veins above, always glabrous beneath, some segments  lobed, lobes acuminate at the apex. Flowers mostly 2—3, terminal and axillary at axils of the upper leaves, rarely  solitary and terminal; involucrate bracts 3-4 in number, leaf-like; sepals 3-4 in number, green, ovate-orbicular  to orbicular, all caudate at the apex, 1.2-2.0 cm long (tailed part excluded), 1-2 cm broad; petals white, 8—10  in number, obovate, often bilobate, c. 4 cm long, c. 3 cm broad; filaments yellow; anthers yellow; disk pale  pink, waved; carpels single, occasionally 2, green, tomentose with hairs 1—2 mm long, less frequently glabrousstyles absent or up to 1 mm long; stigmas pink, 1 min wide. Follicles long—ovoid or ellipsoid, 2-3.5 cm long,  1.2—1.5 cm in diameter. Seeds brown—black, oblong, 7-9 mm long, 3.5-6 mm in diameter.

Chromosome number: 2n = 10

Growing in bushes on dry or rocky slopes at altitudes from 1600 to  3,200 m. The western Himalayas and northeastern part of the Hindu Kush: China (SW Xizang  (Tibet) and S Xinjiang), NW India, W Nepal, N Pakistan and E Afghanistan (Nuristan, Chetras) .

Hooker & Thomson (1875) described a form of Paeonia emodi with glabrous carpels as the  variety glabrata. All six flower specimens that I examined in the Herbarium of Royal Botanic  Garden Edinburgh (E) have tomentose carpels and follicles. However, in other collections at the  Conservatoire et jardin botaniques de la Ville de Geneve (G), the carpels and follicles of seven  flowers (from five specimens) are tomentose; whereas those of four flowers are glabrous. Falconer 77 from Kashmir (P) has two individuals (stems) that are alike; their  carpels are both single, but one is glabrous whereas the other is tomentose. According to Miss J.  Coote’s field observation in Kashmir, the form with tomentose carpels and that with glabrous  carpels “grew together and they were exactly alike in height, appearance and mode of growth”. It seems to us that pubescent or glabrous carpels reflect another example of  polymorphism in carpel character for Paeonia emodi.

Paeonia emodi most resembles P. anomala, P. sterniana and P. lactiflora, but it differs from all of these  species in having the carpels mostly single (92.6%), rarely two (7.4%). In addition, it is different from  P. lactiflora in having leaf margin smooth (rather than cartilaginous thickened and dentate-spinose) and  the carpels mostly tomentose (88%; rather than usually glabrous). Paeonia emodi differs from P. anomala  in having the leaflets/leaf segments no more than 30 in number (as opposed to 70 to 100), and from  P. sterniana in having nearly always multiple flowers per stem (rather than nearly always solitary) and  the carpels mostly tomentose (rather than always glabrous).

 Saunders and Stebbins (1938) crossed Paeonia anomala and P. emodi, obtaining a very low seed  set and sterile hybrids. This supported their observation that the two species are not only  morphologically distinct but also reproductively isolated.

A lovely colour palette at dusk this evening. Euonymus alatus 'Compactus', bought clearance last....
A lovely colour palette at dusk this evening. Euonymus alatus 'Compactus', bought clearance last year. Hardy Fuchsias 'Alice Hoffman' and 'Saras Delta', both donkeys years old. Paeonia emodi is still in a pot, need to find the perfect place for it.
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#euonymus #euonymusalatus #fuchsia #fuchsias #paeoniaemodi #peony #flowers #plants ...
Paeonia emodi, mamekhor, 多花芍药#paeoniaemodi #paeoniaceae #mygarden  #himalayaspecies
Paeonia emodi, mamekhor, 多花芍药
#paeoniaemodi #paeoniaceae #mygarden #himalayaspecies
This morning #paeonia #paeoniaemodi #emodi #mygarden #myhobby #flowers  #flowers #pioni #mygarde....
This morning #paeonia #paeoniaemodi #emodi #mygarden #myhobby #flowers #flowers #pioni #mygardentoday #finnishgarden #white
The bees just can’t get enough of our Himalayan peonies and neither can we 🌼🐝 ⠀Paeonia....
The bees just can’t get enough of our Himalayan peonies and neither can we 🌼🐝 ⠀
Paeonia emodi is named after ‘Emodi Montes’, which is the Latin name for the Himalayas. This type of peony grows in the western part of the famous mountain range 🏔
En näckrospion i kvällsljus är en vacker syn. Andra året i trädgården och jag tror det bli....
En näckrospion i kvällsljus är en vacker syn. Andra året i trädgården och jag tror det blir en stor planta, den har dubblat storleken i år.
#morganspioner #paeoniaemodi #peony #pion #näckrospion #lovepeonies🌸
#paeoniaemodi a gift from a good friend - thanks @morlasplants 😘 #peony #plantfriends #garden....
#paeoniaemodi a gift from a good friend - thanks @morlasplants 😘 #peony #plantfriends #garden #home 💚 #may
Bot. Garten... #botanischergartenberlin #fuberlin #frühling #frühjahr #wartenaufdasfrühjah....
Bot. Garten... #botanischergartenberlin #fuberlin #frühling #frühjahr #wartenaufdasfrühjahr #frühlingsfarben #frühlingssonne  #farbe #natur #pflanzen #himalajapfingstrose #paeoniaemodi #schwertlilie #iris #akelei #aquilegiavulgaris #brandkraut #phlomisfruticosa #lupine #lupinus #ditisberlin #berlinsta #berlinstagram #berlintravel #berlinerfenster #berlingram #steglitz #steglitzzehlendorf #dahlem #berlin
Näckrospionen har fått en skyddad hörn i vår trädgård och nu andra våren har plantan väx....
Näckrospionen har fått en skyddad hörn i vår trädgård och nu andra våren har plantan växt till sig och den kommer blomma med helvita enkla blommor.
#morganspioner #paeoniaemodi #näckrospion #peony #pion #macronature #macrophotography #marco
Paeonia emodi flowers.#paeoniaemodi#chandayra
Paeonia emodi flowers.
#paeoniaemodi
#chandayra
Så er de nye planter blevet leveret, og der er gang i potteriet 😊 Jeg er som altid tilfreds ....
Så er de nye planter blevet leveret, og der er gang i potteriet 😊 Jeg er som altid tilfreds med de meget store pæoner, vi hvert år får leveret. Her er det #paeoniaemodilatewindflower 👍🏻 Desuden har pæonrødder en helt speciel lugt, som jeg er ret vild med! #staudefeen #paeonia #paeoniaemodi ...
The Himalayan peony, Paeonia emodi, has abundant relatively small white flowers and lush green f....
The Himalayan peony, Paeonia emodi, has abundant relatively small white flowers and lush green foliage #himalayanpeony #paeoniaemodi #paeonia #peony #disporumcantoniense #blackheathnsw #bluemountainsgardens #bluemountains
Paeonia emodi new foliage. All this lush growth has emerged over the last few weeks with the lon....
Paeonia emodi new foliage. All this lush growth has emerged over the last few weeks with the longer days and warmth of Spring #paeoniaemodi #himalayanpeony #paeonia #peony #speciespeony #blackheathnsw #bluemountainsgardens #bluemountains
Paeonia emodi or Himalayan PeonyThis species hails from the Himalayian mountains.  It’s a love....
Paeonia emodi or Himalayan Peony
This species hails from the Himalayian mountains. It’s a lovely woodlander peony. Only species that carries multiple flower buds on individual stems. Large white flowers held well above glossy green cut foliage. Although said to prosper more in warmer climates, our plant is robust and ...
Näckrospion. Vackert namn, vacker blomma 👌 #paeoniaemodi #näckrospion
Näckrospion. Vackert namn, vacker blomma 👌 #paeoniaemodi #näckrospion
En Paeonia emodi från England via Holland. Den här kan bli en stor buske under säsongen och r....
En Paeonia emodi från England via Holland. Den här kan bli en stor buske under säsongen och redan nu första året tar den rejält med plats.
#morganspioner #paeoniaemodi #peony #paeonia #pion #näckrospion
Himalayan peony, Paeonia emodi,  flowers well in dappled shade and doesn’t require staking. Th....
Himalayan peony, Paeonia emodi, flowers well in dappled shade and doesn’t require staking. The foliage is deeply cut and a generous presence from early on in the season. A fresh companion to garden ferns #himalayanpeony #paeoniaemodi #peonyflower #peonyfoliage #dappledshadeplanting #partshadeplants #plantingpartners #plantingdesign #mygardentoday #fernery #gardenferns #freshflowers #whiteflowers #plantportrait
Gems from The Chelsea Flower Show 2019...#rhschelsea#paeoniaemodi#pinkfoxgloves#vegetablesandflo....
Gems from The Chelsea Flower Show 2019.
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#rhschelsea
#paeoniaemodi
#pinkfoxgloves
#vegetablesandflowers
#mandggarden
#primulapetals
#medwynwilliamsprizevegetables
#specialistnurseries
One of the stars of our display Paeonia emodi. Quite hard to use as the flower hangs down so we ....
One of the stars of our display Paeonia emodi. Quite hard to use as the flower hangs down so we had to put the plant quite high up to get the full effect #paeonia #paeoniaemodi #rhs #rhschelsea #rhschelseaflowershow #edinburgh
#paeoniaemodi looking lovely in the fading light. A much treasured gift from good friends. Thank....
#paeoniaemodi looking lovely in the fading light. A much treasured gift from good friends. Thank you Jane and Dave 👍 #peony #herbaceous #home #spring #backgarden
Skönheter värda all väntan. Någon såddes 2011, en annan 2013. Svavelpionen är Azerbajdzjan....
Skönheter värda all väntan. Någon såddes 2011, en annan 2013. Svavelpionen är Azerbajdzjan form. Luktpionerna har jag bytt till mig från en polska, som sett något jag hade. #frösådd #trädgårdsamatörerna #iminträdgård #inmygardentoday #trädgård #gardeninspiration #plantinspiration #paeoniaemodi #paeoniamlokosewitschii #paeoniaobovataalba #paeonialactiflorammecalot #paeoniawladyslawa #paeoniamairei #viburnumplicatummariesii #primulafrondosa

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Footnotes:
  1. Hong, De-Yuan. “Peonies of the World. Taxonomy and phytogeography.” Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens, 2010, p. 118-120[]

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