Paeonia parnassica(1)

Perennial herbs. Tap roots columnar; lateral roots tuberous or fusiform, sometimes tandem-fusiform. Stems usually green or green but pale purple in the lower part, sparsely to densely hirsute, 30-70 cm tall, with 4-9 green or greenish yellow scales at the base. Petioles and petiolules always hirsute; lower leaves biternate, with 9, rarely 8, leaflets, usually one or several leaflets segmented and thus leaflets/leaf segments 9-15, very rarely up to 25 in number, ovate, oblong or elliptic, cuneate to rounded at the base, nearly rounded to acute at the apex, 4.5—12 cm long, 1.5-7 cm wide, glabrous above, mostly densely, less frequently sparsely, villose beneath. Flowers solitary and terminal; involucrate bracts 1-3 in number, leaf-like; sepals 3-4 in number, with one caudate and the rest rounded at the apex, nearly orbicular, 2-4 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm wide, green but purple at the periphery or entirely purple, densely villose on the abaxial side; petals 6-8 in number, dark purple, oblong or obovate, entire or 2—lobed at the apex, 4.5-6 cm long, 3-4.5 cm wide; filaments purple; anthers purple; disk 1-1.5 mm high, waved, tomentose; carpels 1-3, but mostly 2 in number, columnar-ellipsoid, 1.4-2.2 cm long, 0.5-0.7 cm in diameter, yellowish tomentose, hairs 2 mm long; stigmas sessile, red, c. 2 mm wide.

Chromosome number: n=20 (tetraploid).

Growing at the edges and in openings of Abies forests, or in sparse Abies forests, on limestones, at an altitude of 1,100—1,500 m. Found only in the mountains Parnassos and Elikonas (Helicon) of Greece.

The most remarkable characters of Paeonia parnassica are its very dark purple petals and purple anthers, which distinguish it from P. arietina. It has fewer leaflets/leaf segments (9—15, rarely up to 25) than P. arietina (11-25, rarely up to 32).

🍷...#paeonia #paeoniaparnassica #plantae #botany #wilflowers #greekflora #endargedspecies #fl....
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#paeonia #paeoniaparnassica #plantae #botany #wilflowers #greekflora #endargedspecies #flowerpower #flowersofinstagram #biodiversity #nature #naturephotography #natureaddict #mountainhike #parnassos #redwine #blood #red #green #παιώνια
Το Μάιο ανθίζει ένα από τα ομορφότερα αγριολούλουδα ....
Το Μάιο ανθίζει ένα από τα ομορφότερα αγριολούλουδα του Παρνασσού, η Παιώνια.⁠

Η Paeonia Parnassica αποτελεί ενδημικό, προστατευόμενο είδος. Φύεται σε δολίνες και σκιές ελάτης σε υψόμετρο άνω των 1200μ. και συναντάται μόνο στον Παρνασσό και τον γειτονικό Ελικώνα.⁠


#Parnassos #mountain #paeoniaparnassica #paeonia #flora #nationalpark #Greece #nature ...
Πανέμορφες ενδημικές και προστατευμένες, ανθίζουν κ....
Πανέμορφες ενδημικές και προστατευμένες, ανθίζουν κάθε χρόνο για λίγες μέρες μόνο στον Παρνασσό. Beautiful endemic and protected Paeonia parnassica growing only in the altitude forest of Mt Parnassos and flourishing for a few days in May! 🥀🥀🥀#paeoniaparnassica #rareflowers #greekflora #mtparnassos #parnassos #fleurrareetprotegee #protectedspieces #endemicflora #trekkinghellas #trekkinghellasparnassos
🐍 Medusa and peonies finished (for now). Ended up having to line it because I over-watered th....
🐍 Medusa and peonies finished (for now). Ended up having to line it because I over-watered the paper, making the shapes very indistinct. I like it inked, though.






#medusa #peony #paeoniaparnassica #greek #mythology #mythicalcreatures #snakes #flowers #myth #greekmythology #traditionalart #watercolor #painting #ink #color #tattoo #crosshatching
Medusa and greek peonies sketch + base colors 🐍 ••••••First coherent piece in a M....
Medusa and greek peonies sketch + base colors 🐍 •





First coherent piece in a MINUTE... Phew...

#watercolor #medusa #mythology #peony #tattoo #flowers #snake #traditionalart #paeoniaparnassica #painting #portrait
Nästan synd att plantera ut dem när de är så omsorgsfullt planterade i vackra krukor. Men nu....
Nästan synd att plantera ut dem när de är så omsorgsfullt planterade i vackra krukor. Men nu är det iallafall gjort. #odla #paeoniaparnassica #paeoniawendelboi #trädgårdsamatörernauppland #endemic #mtparnassos
The dark pigeon's blood color of Paeonia parnassica, an endemic and endangered peony restricted ....
The dark pigeon's blood color of Paeonia parnassica, an endemic and endangered peony restricted to Mt Parnassus. This one is dedicated to @gamine_co and @coraliemlthomas #flowersofgreece #paeoniaparnassica

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Footnotes:
  1. Hong, De-Yuan. “Peonies of the World. Taxonomy and phytogeography.” Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens, 2010, p. 227-228.[]

2020, The Peony Society - www.peonysociety.eu

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